impacts of climate change on agriculture in malawi

Weather Variability 2.1.1 Climate Change These impacts are further complicated by a variety of external trends and drivers of change. Part of Springer Nature. However, in recent years, the adverse impacts of Climate Change have been making the agriculture sector vulnerable. Impacts on climate change on agriculture Let’s focus on the agricultural sector, including crops, forests, livestock and fisheries. Heat: Over the next 30 to 50 years, average temperatures will likely increase by at least 1.0 C. . This book discusses knowledge-based sustainable agro-ecological and natural resource management systems and best practices for sustained agricultural productivity and ecosystem resilience for better livelihoods under a changing climate. [1] Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale, with the adverse effects of climate change affecting agriculture both directly and indirectly. G. Msalya, Z. C. Nziku, T. Gondwe, G. C. Kifaro, L. O. Eik, T. Ådnøy, Fundi Wandisunga Kayamba-Phiri, Moses M. Limuwa, Trond Storebakken, Bishal K. Sitaula, Ognjen Žurovec, Bal Chandra Luitel, Anne Parker, Rattan Lal, Fundi Wandisunga Kayamba-Phiri, Gry Synnevåg, Moses M. Limuwa. Impacts of Climate Change. M. A. Bhatti, W. Chanza, S. Klevar, L. A. Kamwanja, T. B. Klem, D. C. Jansen et al. Climate change is predicted to have significant impacts on agricultural productivity at a global level. The distribution, when only agriculture is considered, is of relatively low variance with outcomes ranging from a decline of 2.5% to a rise of about 1%. When it rains Climate change is making it harder to reduce poverty in Malawi Climate issue: One of the world’s poorest states is battling droughts and floods Middle East & Africa However, the changing climate is having far reaching impacts on agricultural production, which While both countries are expected to see rapidly rising temperatures, changes in precipitation will vary widely depending on location. Res. Written by, Mirriam Matita and Masautso Chimombo. Climate change is projected to overall decrease the yields of cereal crop in Africa through shortening growing season length, amplifying water stress and increasing incidence of diseases, pests and weeds outbreaks (Niang et al. (1996); McCarthy et al. Gender and Climate ChanGe afriCa Gender, climate change and food security 2 Policy brief 4 Agriculture is central to the livelihoods of women It is now widely acknowledged that climate change impacts will not be gender-neutral. Malawi’s vulnerability to the devastating impacts of climate change is caused by the country’s significant exposure to climate variability. 1 Climate change impacts on rain-fed and irrigated rice yield in Malawi Daccache, A.1, Sataya, W. 2 and Knox, J.W. Agriculture is always vulnerable to unfavorable weather events and climatic conditions. In Malawi, production from subsistence rain fed agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate change and variability. These ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation have led to improved management of more than 92,500 acres of biologically significant land. Its agriculture sector is Malawi is vulnerable to climate change and extreme weather events (EAD, 1998, 2002a, 2004). To address these challenges, USAID partners with the Government of Malawi (GoM) and a wide variety of Malawian institutions to advance Malawi’s low-emissions, climate-resilient development. Integration of MOSAICC into the planning process 18 7. Weather extremes Eighty percent of the world’s crops are rainfed, so most farmers depend on the predictable weather agriculture has adapted to in order to produce their crops. Ensuring agricultural production can cope with climate change is essential. Impacts of climate change on Malawi’s agricultural system and food security Compared to other reported findings of massive reductions in maize yields in SSA and Malawi 10 , 30 , 45 , 49 , our study findings anticipate the decline in future maize yields in Lilongwe District to be moderate. U.S. Agency for International Development, The Journey to Self-Reliance: Malawi Roadmap. Not affiliated This study eval … Agriculture is the mainstay of Malawi’s economy and maize is the most important crop for food security. The effects of climate change will primarily influence agriculture through alterations in plant growth, water availability, nutrient Getting participatory agriculture climate services out to farmers A team from the University of Reading, as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) research work is scaling out a novel approach to support smallholder farmers in several countries. Given the ravaging effects of the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide, this study seeks to estimate its likely impact on food systems and livelihoods in Malawi. To make matters worse, this problem is expected to worsen in the coming decades, when temperatures will reach the heat threshold of some crops and extended dry periods will become more common. In Malawi, households spend on average 63% of their income on food and beverages. However, due to high population growth, rapid deforestation, and widespread soil erosion, Malawi’s agriculturally-based economy is particularly susceptible to climate change’s negative consequences. 2.0 Impacts of Climate Change in Different Sectors 2.1 Agricultural sector Malawi relies on rain-fed agriculture, and the current droughts have resulted in poor crop The impacts of climate change, however, are not felt equally by all Malawians. Malawi is highly vulnerable to climate change. For such people, even a small increase in the price of food can reduce their ability to meet their needs and throw them into the deepest poverty. Agriculture is vitally important to Malawi , employing 80% of the workforce, producing nearly 35% of … Agriculture is central to Malawi’s economy and is also the sector that will be most severely impacted by climate change. Climate change affects countries across the globe. The aim of our research was to understand the overall impact of adverse climate events ... agricultural extension services and improved access to health infrastructure. But climate change will not only affect crops—it will also impact meat production, fisheries and other fundamental aspects of our food supply. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. The effects of climate change on smallholder agriculture under different crop technologies, namely conservation agriculture, Falbedia albida, optimal fertilisation and intensive farming, were analysed against the conventional subsistence farming in Malawi. (2001)]. With a focus on agriculture in Africa, the book assesses innovative technologies for use on smallholder farms, and addresses some of the key Sustainable Development Goals to guide innovative responses and enhanced adaptation methods for coping with climate change. Increased access to better farm inputs and agricultural training can help improve crop yields, and sometimes temper the effects of extreme weather. At the national level, USAID works with the GoM to develop a strategy for combatting deforestation and for improving forest governance. Overall, climate change is expected to reduce the food supply and have major implications for human welfare, harming development progress across sectors. CHAPTER IV: Enabling Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change across combinations of key words on climate change impacts and adaptation in agriculture in Malawi. of Malawian institutions to advance Malawi’s low-emissions, climate-resilient development. Malawi’s vulnerability to the devastating impacts of climate change is caused by the country’s significant exposure to climate variability. Fredy Timothy Mlyavidoga Kilima, Lusato Revocatus Kurwijila, Gration M. Rwegasira, Maulid M. Mwatawala, Rozalia G. Rwegasira, Abdullah N. Rashidi, Nene Wilson, William George, Joseph S. Kanyamuka, Charles B. L. Jumbe, Jacob Ricker-Gilbert, Abdi-Khalil Edriss, Wezi G. Mhango. Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture 163 illustrates how the current and future state of these systems dictate the extent of vulnerability to physical climate risks, which for agriculture in any given location are determined by a1. … URBANA, Ill. ­– Climate change creates extreme weather patterns that are especially challenging for people in developing countries and can severely impact agricultural yield and food security. Complementary site-based interventions have been initiated to address drivers of climate change, while also helping to generate livelihood opportunities for vulnerable households. Downscaled outputs from six general circulation models, for the most extreme Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP 8.5), were used as inputs to the soil and water assessment tool to assess the impacts of climate change on evapotranspiration, surface runoff, water yield, and soil moisture … Home News 7 impacts of climate change on South African agriculture The National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy published by the department of environmental affairs predicts that South Africa will experience many heatwaves in the future. Introduction Malawi (particularly its agriculture sector) is vulnerable to negative impacts of current and future climate change (CC),2 given its heavy dependence on small-scale, low-input/low-output, rain-fed agriculture for food 1 1. Climate change is projected to intensify and smallholder farmers will be the most affected because they entirely rely on climate-sensitive livelihoods and have low adaptive capacity. 91.228.8.18, Bal Ram Singh, Andy Safalaoh, Nyambilila A. Amuri, Lars Olav Eik, Bishal K. Sitaula, Rattan Lal, Kennedy Were, Bal Ram Singh, George Ayaga, Keston O. W. Njira, Ernest Semu, Jerome P. Mrema, Patson C. Nalivata, Abel K. Mkulama, Austin Tibu, Kenneth Wiyo, Ephraim J. Mtengeti, Eva Mtengeti, Lars Olav Eik, Trust Kasambala Donga, Richard Meadow, Bishal K. Sitaula, Ole M. Eklo. Adaptation planning in the agricultural sectors in Malawi 5 Policy landscape: At a glance 5 Support from FAO 8 5. Starting with a broad look at the relationship between climate change, weather variability and agriculture, I will then detail previous work that has been done studying the links between shocks and household welfare. Climate hazards impact all actors along the agricultural value chain from pre-production to consumption. A. Ketto, G. Msalya, F. Chigwa, R. K. Abrahamsen, L. O. Eik, G. C. Kifaro et al. Introduction There has been extensive debate concerning what impacts future climate change will cause to a host of sectors including agriculture, forestry, water, energy, coasts, ecosystems, and health [Pearce et al. At the national level, USAID works with the GoM to develop a strategy for combatting deforestation and for improving forest governance. In addition, due to the changing precipitation patterns, rainfall is likely to become more erratic and concentrated which can cause flooding and further crop damage. Climate change affects countries across the globe. Climate change is expected to exacerbate existing challenges with food security, health, poverty and development in the region (Niang et al., 2014). Their complementary efforts in adaptation to climate change are sternly important for farm productivity and income. Can you imagine how changes in climatic conditions constitute major challenges for agriculture Conservation agriculture, drought tolerant maize, and improved legume varieties are key climate change management strategies for smallholder farmers in southern Africa. Hydrologic: The hydrologic cycle now contains more frequent and intense droughts and floods in many agricultural regions. CHAPTER III: Climate-Smart Agriculture for Food Security and Enhanced Resilience . The African Development Bank has called for $40 Billion USD per year over the coming decades to be provided to African countries to address development issues directly related to climate change. First, consistent with Figure 5, the implications of climate change for agriculture in Malawi may be positive or negative; however, the bulk of climate outcomes result in decreases in overall GDP. Climate change impacts on agriculture in 2050 under a range of plausible socioeconomic and emissions scenarios To cite this article: Keith Wiebe et al 2015 Environ. Impact of Climate Change on Tea Production in Malawi – Review of a Workshop by Natalia Gutiérrez | Mar 28, 2017 Over the past few years, the Malawi tea industry has seen a decrease in production mainly because of erratic rainfall, which has led to either floods or droughts. (1996); Watson et al. Find out about career opportunities at USAID. Climate change impacts in Malawi 3 4. These all events can damage and at times even destroy crops. that were analyzed are agriculture, water, human health, energy, fisheries, wildlife, forestry and gender. CHAPTER II: Agricultural Land, Water Management and Climate Change in Sub-Saharan. Through this program, data on the drivers of deforestation and associated livelihood opportunities is collected which, in turn, helps USAID generate household-level economic benefits for more than 11,000 project participants and also contributes to Malawi’s nation-wide efforts to reduce deforestation. However, in southern parts ... however, have focused on the impact of climate change on mortality. Climate and mortality rates in Kenya, Mali, and Malawi: what we found. This paper measures the economic impact of climate on Malawian Agriculture using the theory of Ricardian rents. Readers will discover more about sustainable crop production, climate smart agriculture, on-farm energy supply from biogas and the potential of soil carbon sequestration in crop-livestock systems. Existing Research and Knowledge on Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agriculture and Communities in Malawi @inproceedings{Zulu2017ExistingRA, title={Existing Research and Knowledge on Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agriculture and Communities in Malawi}, author={Leo C. Zulu}, year={2017} } 1 Climate change and smallholder farmers in Malawi Understanding poor people’s experiences in climate change adaptation A report by ActionAid October 2006 2 Introduction Southern Africa is one of the regions estimated to be As we learned in the previous Step, agriculture is a major source of GHGs which contribute to the greenhouse effect and climate change. Climate change poses challenges for all sectors of the Australian economy but particularly for those sectors dependent on natural resources, like agriculture, forestry and fisheries. The current study addresses a key component of these issues, the effect of climate change on the road infrastructure of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. B. Mkwizu, N. G. Davey, L. O. Eik, R. Kangalawe, L. R. Kurwijila. Graph of net crop production worldwide and in selected tropical countries. Already, temperature increases and changing precipitation patterns are harming agricultural growth. Due to its high levels of dependence on rainfed agriculture, Malawi is highly vulnerable to climate change, having experienced nearly 1oC increase in mean annual temperature already, and a 1.5-5oC increase expected by the 2090s. T. N. Bwana, Nyambilila A. Amuri, E. Semu, J. E. Olesen, A. Henningsen, M. R. Baha et al. Existing Research and Knowledge on Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agriculture and Communities in Malawi, Technical Report of the Malawi… In 2015, the Kulera REDD+ Project, initiated through USAID support, attracted more than $500,000 in private financing for local conservation and development priorities. Appropriate coping strategies for smallholder farmers depend on an accurate description of the effects of agro-ecological and farmers’ socio-economic factors on climate change. Climate Change Impact on Agriculture. M. A. Bhatti, W. Chanza, L. A. Kamwanja, S. Chikomola, M. Chipandula, A. Chikaonda et al. Want to stay on top of current events regarding climate change … Agriculture and rural livelihoods are highly sensitive to climatic change. Women, in particular, are facing drastic changes to their lives because of environmental changes. Gender Differentiation in the Adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture Technologies and Level of Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Malawi Tasokwa Kakota Chibowa, Gry … CLIMATE CHANGE I CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, vULNERABILITy AND ADAPTATION IN ZIMBABWE I IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. Agriculture and rural livelihoods are highly sensitive to climatic change. We use cross-sectional data on climate, hydrological, soil and household level data for a sample of 8,832 households. We also need to remember that climate change risks aren’t distributed equally—and neither are the pathways to climate adaptation. Climate change impacts on rain-fed and irrigated rice yield in Malawi A. Daccache Cranfield Water Science Institute, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, UK , W. Sataya Department of Irrigation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Malawi, Malawi & J.W. Alexander Solstad Ringheim, Daniel Mushi, Ephraim Mtengeti, Ismail Selemani, Magnus Åsli, Lars Olav Eik et al. Contributions are based on 'Capacity Building for Managing Climate Change in Malawi' (CABMACC), a five-year program with an overall goal to improve livelihoods and food security through innovative responses and enhanced capacity of adaptation to climate change. Climate change is too often framed as about polar bears or "far into the future impacts." Climate-smart agriculture aims to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change by sequestering soil carbon and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and finally increase productivity and profitability of farming systems to ensure farmers’ livelihoods and food security in a changing climate. 3. The results show that climate affects net farm revenue. In Malawi climate change is a threat to economic growth, long-term prosperity, as well as the livelihoods of an already vulnerable population.163 Ninety per cent of the population are dependent on rain-fed agriculture, 60 per cent of ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF, AND VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO, CLIMATE CHANGE 13 3.1 Information gathering – data, systematic observation and monitoring 13 3.2 Information analysis – reporting of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation 15 The research. 2. Corpus ID: 27087754. Complementary site-based interventions have been initiated to address drivers of climate change, while also helping to generate livelihood opportunities for vulnerable households. Raw data from the United Nations. International aid organizations have invested billions of dollars in promoting climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices, but the effects of those programs are rarely documented. “The capacity building supported by The World Bank in climate-smart agriculture and conservation agriculture has greatly impacted the momentum of the country to take these initiatives seriously and this has shown a strong linkage of Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation,” said Dr. Patson Cleopus Nalivata, a Lecturer in soil science at Bunda College, Lilongwe … Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources in Malawi: Dataset Format Web Page License License not specified created 10 months ago id 1b3f4bcd-1051-4e3d-9412-007aabb12d88 mimetype text/html package id 169c3c20-daf8 USAID helps Malawians to build resilience against drought. Downloadable! In the forestry sector, USAID supports the Government of Malawi’s adherence to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, or REDD+, an international effort to reduce climate change by decreasing deforestation. Semantic Scholar extracted view of "Existing Research and Knowledge on Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Agriculture and Communities in Malawi" by Leo C. Zulu Corpus ID: 27087754 Existing Research 1* 1 Cranfield Water Science Institute, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK2 Department of Irrigation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Malawi, Malawi This study examines climate change impacts on water resources in the African country of Malawi. This is evident from current experiences of extreme climatic events such as … Agriculture is the backbone of many underdeveloped nations and more than 70% of the people’s livelihood depends on this sector. Smallholder Agriculture and Climate Variability and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa: Looking Forward to 2050. Anticipated regionally-dependent changes contain an increased number of heatwaves … An overwhelming scientific consensus maintains that climate change is due primarily to the human use of fossil fuels, which releases … I. 10 6. We need to take concrete steps to prepare for climate impacts on agriculture and to reduce both their severity and our vulnerability to them. In Malawi, for example, total precipitation is expected to increase over the coming years. Importance of climate change to agriculture and food security in Malawi: current impacts and emissions 3. E. P. Ruth, J. J. Kashaigili, A. E. Majule, Tasokwa Kakota Chibowa, Gry Synnevag, Beston Maonga, Michael Mainje, Y. Learn how you can get involved and lend a hand. Despite technological advancement such as better crop varieties and irrigation systems; weather and climate are still key factors in agricultural . In addition, a comprehensive Environmental Threats and Opportunity Assessment provided information about habitat protection and restoration efforts within Malawi’s most globally significant ecosystems. There is considerable spatial variability in climate change impacts in the two countries. At One Acre Fund, we’re working on a number of efforts to help farmers mitigate and adapt to climate change. Climate change, also called global warming, refers to the rise in average surface temperatures on Earth. Climate change will impact farmers and their agricultural systems in different ways, and adapting to these impacts will need to be context-specific.Current adaptation efforts on the continent are increasing across the continent, but What follows is a brief overview of the findings from the eight sectors. Maize production accounts for 52% of total agricultural crop area, 34% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP), and 85% of employment. information on Malawi. (g) Climate change impacts studies on groundwater (quality and quantity). They have very low adaptive capacity at the community and national levels. 2014). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The complexity and uncertainty surrounding the impacts of climate change in). 2.1 Climate Change vs. Implementation: How was Modelling system for agricultural impacts of climate change (MOSAICC) rolled out in Malawi? Make a general inquiry or suggest an improvement. Ezekiel Mugendi Njeru, Morris Muthini, Mercy Martha Muindi, Omwoyo Ombori, Shem Bonuke Nchore, Steve Runo et al. With the prolonged dry spells, seasonal droughts, changes in rainfall patterns and floods characterising the rainy seasons; these climate Change effects have been posing a serious risk to the productivity and profitability of crop farming in the country. In response to the adverse effects of climate change and variability, a National Adaptation Programme of Action is used as framework for implementing adaptation programmes. Australia’s climate is changing and the impacts of climate change can be seen in the differences we are experiencing in rainfall, temperature and extreme weather events. In 2015, USAID and its partners helped more than 1,200 stakeholders adapt to the effects of climate change through training and capacity building activities. Malawi is among the world’s dozen countries most vulnerable to adverse effects of climate change (CC), and among those with the least resources to adapt or mitigate them. Not logged in 3 Acknowledgements This working paper draws on research conducted as part of the Meeting Information and Advocacy Needs for Climate Change Adaptation in Zimbabwe project funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DfID). ]. However, due to high population growth, rapid deforestation, and widespread soil erosion, Malawi’s agriculturally-based economy is particularly susceptible to climate change’s negative consequences. 1. They have very low adaptive capacity at the community and national levels. climate change and climate smart agriculture approaches within the national context. Economic Rationale of Using African Weaver Ants, Determinants of ISFM Technology Adoption and Disadoption Among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Central Malawi, Exploiting Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi-Rhizobia-Legume Symbiosis to Increase Smallholder Farmers’ Crop Production and Resilience Under a Changing Climate, Availability, Access and Use of Weather and Climate Information by Smallholder Farmers in the Kilombero River Catchment, Tanzania, Gender Differentiation in the Adoption of Climate Smart Agriculture Technologies and Level of Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Malawi, Smallholder Farming in Mara and Iringa Regions, Tanzania: Current Practices, Constraints and Opportunities, Impact of Farm Input Subsidies Vis-à-Vis Climate-Smart Technologies on Maize Productivity: A Tale of Smallholder Farmers in Malawi, Digital Storytelling as an Agricultural Extension Communication Tool in Smallholder Farming and Fishing Communities in Malawi, Assessing the Role of Storytelling Presentation in Knowledge Transfer from Climate Change Projects in Tanzania: The Case of the EPINAV Programme. Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR), Department of Soil and Geological Sciences, Department of International Environment and Development Studies, School of Environment and Natural Resources, Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37537-9, COVID-19 restrictions may apply, check to see if you are impacted, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sustainability Under Changing Climate in Africa, The Prospects for Conservation Agriculture in Ethiopia, Land Use Changes and Sustainable Land Management Practices for Soil Carbon Sequestration in Sub-Saharan African Agro-ecosystems, Gendered Adaptation and Coping Mechanisms to Climate Variability in Eastern Uganda Rice Farming Systems, Integrated Soil Fertility Management Based on Pigeon Pea and Cowpea Cropping Systems Influences Nitrogen Use Efficiency, Yields and Quality of Subsequent Maize on Alfisols in Central Malawi, A Hydrological Assessment of Wetlands in Lilongwe Peri-urban Areas: A Case of Njewa Catchment, Lilongwe, Malawi, Productivity and Chemical Composition of Maize Stover and Rice Straw Under Smallholder Farming Systems Intensification in Tanzania, Intensification of Sorghum and Pearl Millet Production in the Sahel-Sudanian Climatic Zones of Mali, Impact of Climate Variability on the Use and Exposure of Pesticides in Sugarcane Production in Malawi, Yield and Profitability of Cotton Grown Under Smallholder Organic and Conventional Cotton Farming Systems in Meatu District, Tanzania, In Search of Climate-Smart Feeds: The Potential of Pearl Millet (, Climate Change and Weather Variability Effects on Cattle Production: Perception of Cattle Keepers in Chikwawa, Malawi, A Cohort Study of Reproductive Performance, Associated Infections and Management Factors in Zebu Cows from Smallholder Farms in Malawi, Effect of Dry Season Supplement Feeding of Malawi Zebu Cows on Reproductive Performance, Lactation and Weight Gain in Calves, Effects of Concentrate Supplementation on the Fatty Acid Composition of Fat Depots in Crossbred Goats, Goat Milk Quality and Possible Dairy Products from Rural Households of Tanzania and Malawi Under the Farmer-Processor Partnership, The Need for Farmer Support and Record Keeping to Enhance Sustainable Dairy Goat Breeding in Tanzania and Malawi, Stratified Livestock Production and Live Animal and Meat Export from Ethiopia: Lessons from the Experience of a Donor Funded Project, Of ‘White Elephant’ in Fisheries: A Conflict Resolution Model Around the Usage of Climate-Smart Fish Postharvest Technologies in Lake Malawi, Policy and Action for Food and Climate Uncertainties in Malawi, Need for Personal Transformations in a Changing Climate: Reflections on Environmental Change and Climate-Smart Agriculture in Africa, Between the Sun and Fish Are People: A Socio-economic Study of Solar Dryers for Fish Processing in Malawi, Profitability of Supplementary Feeding of Indigenous Cattle in Dry Areas of Tanzania, Integrating Smallholder Farmers to Commodity Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges, Prospects and Policy Issues. 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