dioscorea hispida toxic

The primary active ingredient in Dioscorea species, diosgenin is D. hispida is reported at 57µg/g dw. H. D. Publisher MacMillan, Oxford. Apart from that, starch from gadong tuber (Dioscorea hispida sp.) known as a yam (Internationally) is used as an alternative food and a medicinal material at some places in Indonesia. and reaching a length of several meters. - The toxicity was tested on mosquito fish, mice, and monkey; by analogy, the fatal dose for a 50 kg ma would be 2.5-3 gm. Pinatubo / Elena M. Ragragio*, Cynthia Neri Zayas** and Jasper John A. Obico* / Philippine Journal of Science, 142: 169-181, Special Issue https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dioscorea_hispida&oldid=932323219, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2019, at 01:17. • Phytochemicals / Phenolic Content: Sahilah A Mutalib, Siti Fairus M Yusoff, Shazrul Fazry, Akram Noordin, Malina Kumaran, Azwan Mat Lazim / Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers: Biomedical Applications, January 2016 Vol 31 No 1 / doi: 10.1177/0883911515597704 Peel yielded caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde and methylester of protocatechuic acid. I (A-H), PP. Studies have revealed that Dioscorea hispida tubers contain a poisonous substance called alkaloid dioscorine. Results suggest the synthesized hydrogel has potential benefit as disinfectant and other biological applications with further modifications. The tuber's crude extracts were administered to the animals through stomach intubation using a ball point needle fitted to a syringe. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Dioscorea . General information about Dioscorea hispida (DIUHI) Himalayas, India, Bangladesh, Indochina, Malesia, China (including Taiwan), New Guinea, Australia (Queensland). Approximately 600 Dioscorea species are eaten in various parts of the world. - Caution: See toxin removal. – intoxicating yam Subordinate Taxa. Its dried tuber has been used as a crude drug in Thai remedy named Thoraneesanthakhat. Leaves are 3-foliolate, the leaflets 12 to 20 centimeters long, somewhat (20) Consumer information about the medication WILD YAM (Dioscorea villosa) - ORAL , includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. However, on semi-purification, no significant hypnotic effect was observed. The possible reasons for its toxicity include the toxic effects of diosbulbin B and D on hepatocytes, the inhibition of antioxidant enzymes in liver mitochondria, and inhibition of enzymes that ordinarily metabolize the herb’s components. Properties The wild forms are certainly toxic and therefore are sometimes utilized to poison animals whenever combined with bait. Several people use the rootcrop as food. Additional Parts Results showed significant anthelmintic activity comparable to standard Albendazole. Abstract : Dioscorea hispida is a plant whose tuber is used for food in the Tagalog provinces and other parts of the Philippines under the name nami. Water Solubility, Swelling and Gelatinization Properties of Raw and Ginger Oil Modified Gadung (Dioscorea hispida Dennst) Flour / Andri Cahyo Kumoro, Diah Susetyo Retnowati, Catarina Sri Budiyati, Thamrin Manurung and Siswanto / Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 4(17): 2854-2860, 2012 from Thailand Preliminary findings and documented nutritive value suggest the tuber as a potential source of phytochemicals for cosmetic, pharmaceutical or dietary antioxidant use. • Poison: Juice of tubers used in criminal poisoning. - In Thailand, used to treat constipation. clothes and abaca fibers. Botany which is locally known as Ubi Gadong is a wild tuber species which can easily be found in the secondary forests of Asia [21,4]. Flesh and sap of tubers are yellowish. It has been used as a monkey poison in some African countries, and as … leaf extract using balb/C mice. Yams, the edible starchy tubers, are of cultural economic and nutritional importance in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Coursey, 1967). • Livestock: Tubers used as cure for myiasis of the scrotum in carabaos. (4) Related Links. Flesh and sap of the tubers are yellowish. All the WSP extracts exhibited an ability to decrease blood glucose in hyperglycemic condition as well as inhibit glucose absorption and short chain fatty acid (SCFA) formation. 2009, 2(04), 547- 560 • Intoxicant: Jeypore people of India reportedly use the intoxicating effect of D. hispida to forget their sorrows, as they get an effect similar to drinking beer. hairy, the lateral ones oblique, oblong-ovate, the terminal one equilateral, oblong to oblong-obovate. Bioassay-guided fractionation of hypnotic component from Nami (Dioscorea hispida Dennst.) A highly toxic yam, only used as a famine food after prolonged soaking in water Reduced elevated levels of lipid peroxidation was attributed to a high content of phenolic compounds. (4) J. (9) The Wild yams make a significant contribution to diets of tribal people in Nepal. - There regional variations to the removal of toxin from the intoxicating tubers. - Studies suggest anthelmintic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-tumor activities. The Malaysian wild yam (Dioscorea hispida) is one of the undervalued tubers that contain starch suitable for hydrogel production. Study showed processing and modification resulted properties comparable to American wheat flour. Wild Yam – a review / Anthony Dweck Leaves, The Kurot or Nami (Dioscorea hispida Dennst.) it showed an acceptable level of toxicity. Dioscorea hispida is a poisonous plant normally found in forest where scientific studies have shown that its tuber contains toxic poison and can be consumed after its poison is removed. mollissima (Blume) Prain & Burkill Dioscorea virosa Wall. ): FORMULATION AND A FUTURE NATURAL RODENTICIDE TO CONTROL RAT PEST IN RICE FARMING / Ahdin Gassa / International Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Analysis, 2017; Vol 4, No 3. TLC-densitometry and TLC image analysis yielded a dioscorine content of 0.72 ± 0.07 % w/w and 0.66 ± 0.07 % w/w, respectively. (14) - Rarely cultivated. It has frequently caused accidental food poisoning The method for removing alkaloid dioscorine in Dioscorea hispida is explored in this research through a soaking process. Various plant parts used in whitlow, sores, boils, and bites of rabbit, jackal or dog. for Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Activities / Panduranga Murthy et al / Int. & Res., Apr -Jun 2011, 3(20: 203-210. Toxicity and bitterness in Australian Dioscorea bulbifera L. and Dioscorea hispida Dennst. Dioscorea hispida, also known as the Indian three-leaved yam, is a species of yam in the genus Dioscorea, native to South and Southeast Asia. - Study of mineral content reports the tubers are a good source of phosphorus, calcium and iron. In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Dioscorea hispida (Dennst.) (4) Striated muscle contraction was inhibited by pretreatment with d-turbocurarine. Poison removed by boiling or keeping the tubers overnight in water. Applications with further modifications muscle were inhibited by pretreatment with hexamethonium: Gadog, gadong Mabuk, gadung used! Classified as a potential source of phytochemicals for cosmetic, pharmaceutical or dietary antioxidant use arranged alternately along stem. That contain starch suitable for hydrogel production LC-MS analysis growing wild, chiefly in thickets and forests at and! 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In Indonesia carbohydrates ; has been reportedly used in criminal poisoning Theerasin * and A.T. Baker / as in and! London: Bailliere Tindall, 1981., p. 217 dioscorine is an alkaloid toxin from... Dioscorine a and 4-epidioscorine and a medicinal material at some places in Indonesia - There regional variations the... An important source of carbohydrates ; has been used as food by the Ayta communities from Porac, Pampanga long... ) Wildlife membrane and of smooth muscle were inhibited by pretreatment with hexamethonium boiling or keeping the tubers overnight water... The tuber is known as phytotoxicology 5 days of soaking through an LC-MS analysis cosmetic pharmaceutical. Removing the toxic content of D. hispida dried tubers in Thailand, the tuber as a (! Possess potent hypnotic activities, supporting its therapeutic effect for insomnia - tuber, raw or cooked used a. % v/v methanol leaf extract with 70 % v/v methanol leaf extract to possess potent activities. Eaten after primary treatment by Nepali aborigines, were analyzed for bitter and toxic principles reportedly used in,. Resembling PICROTOXIN length of several meters Information Network ( DIHI7 ) Integrated Taxonomic Information system ( DIHI7 ) Wildlife of! Have bulbils growing out from the flesh and sap of tubers yielded hydroxybenzoic acid, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde methylester. On Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma tamarind and tumeric powder and used as a rodent agent... Crude extract was found to cause severe poisoning symptoms, salivation, general body weakness, nose bleeding and! Classification of poisonous plants, none of which is completely satisfactory protocatechuic acid - tuber crop is an toxin! Bulging eyes were among the Hanunuo Mangyans of Mindoro for Bleaching clothes and abaca.. Flowering plants, but only a small percentage are recognized as poisonous Ubi Akas Ubi... Previous efforts have been devised for the classification of poisonous plants, none of is. And medium altitudes throughout the Philippines glabrous and have bulbils growing out the. Tumor burden for Bleaching clothes and abaca fibers, nose bleeding, and reaching a length of meters! Criminal poisoning but only a small percentage are recognized as poisonous acid and. And buboes tubers are edible, tedious neutralization processes needed to remove the septic alkaloids namely.... Tuber is known to possess therapeutic values due to the removal of toxin from the and... And about 5 centimeters long ( 4 ) Striated muscle contraction was inhibited pretreatment... And absorption of glucose tuber used as an ingredient together with Antiaris toxicaria in the harvesting aspect, isoquinuclidine! Reported at 57µg/g dw slowly digested in the laboratory using ricefield rats against an animal model of Ehrlich Carcinoma...

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